EV simply means an Electric Vehicle. An electric car or EV is one that runs purely off electric power and is only ever recharged using a charging cable and never charged by burning petrol or diesel.
an EV is powered by an electric motor, sometimes multiple motors, and a battery pack. Inside the battery pack is where the electricity is stored. There are only 20 moving parts in an electric motor so EV breakdowns are substantially less likely than with an internal combustion engine vehicle which has thousands of moving parts.
Only cars powered purely by electricity can be classed as an EV although sometimes people refer to hybrids as electric. A hybrid has both an electric motor and a petrol or diesel engine and a plug-in hybrid is a hybrid that can also recharge from a EV charging point. Most models of hybrids and plug-in hybrids are low emission vehicles.
Popular examples of all-electric cars in the UK are the Tesla Model S (a premium saloon), Renault Zoe and the Nissan Leaf.
Are EVs capable of all the tasks currently required in my fleet?
Driving an EV does not require any special training. Any employee with a driver’s licence for a manual or for an automatic car can drive an EV. An EV is clutch-less, so it is driven like an automatic car i.e. accelerator, brake and a 'gear' stick for drive, reverse and park. There are two changes an EV driver makes that are different from an internal combustion engine (ICE) car; regenerative breaking means the car slows down when you stop accelerating (less brake action) and the pain of the cost of a full tank of fuel is gone.
The models we've selected for supply match the current range of uses for cars and small vans. In time, as the business case improves, HelloEV will also develop the supply range to include specialist EVs, such as buses.
EV manufacturers have invested significantly in extending vehicle range and for example the new Renault Zoe is now capable of up to 245 miles on a single charge. This is significant bearing in mind that in 2014 94% of all vehicle journeys were less than 25 miles and a staggering 50% were less than 5 miles. Fast charging options means that if a battery is run down (just like running out of fuel on an ICE vehicle) you can get back on the road within 30 minutes.